You can determine what type of foot type you have by running in wet sand or by standing on thick paper with wet feet. There are three basic feet types: flat feet, high arch feet and neutral feet. Determining your foot type will help you find the correct shoes for your foot type. Well-fitting shoes are important in providing the maximum support where you need it. Depending on your foot type you may even need the extra support offered by orthotics. Poorly fitting shoes are detrimental to the well-being of your feet, however even the best shoes will not prevent or cure certain ailments. If you are suffering from fungal infections, foot hygiene is important and airing your shoes out will be a must. To clear the condition you will need Excilor treatment.
Flat feet are feet without an arch. If you look at the bottom of your foot and it is flat from toes to heel, you have flat feet. When you perform the footprint test, your print will not feature a curve from your toe to your heel. It will look the shape of the top of your foot.
The issue with flat feet is that very often the foot will roll inwards when you walk and run. You need shoes that will give you support and stability to help control this. If you get sore feet you may like to consider adding orthotics to your shoes.
Flat feet usually over-pronate; a millisecond after your foot hits the ground your arch will collapse too far inwards. This excessive motion of the foot makes you more susceptible to injury. The support you need will depend on the level of pronation of your foot. If it is moderate, motion control shoes will help; if you are a severe over-pronator you will need firmer support devices.
High Arch Feet
High arch feet are fairly easy to recognise. If you look at your soles you will observe a very definite high arch. When you do the footprint test your footprint will feature an inward curve. The middle part of your foot will appear quite thin.
People with high arch feet often suffer the opposite problem to those with flat feet; their feet roll outwards as they walk and run. Arches will fall over time, especially if you are a runner.
If you have high arches you will need to buy shoes that have a soft midsole that acts as a shock absorber. You need flexible, cushioned shoes.
If you have done the foot test and your foot appears neither flat nor high arched, you have neutral (or normal) feet. Your footprint will feature an inward curve but it will only be slight, say about two centimetres.
People with neutral feet experience the least amount of problems with their feet and most shoes will work well. Avoid buying shoes designed for motion control. Shoes with moderate arch support will be best suited to your foot.